Gum Surgery, or Periodontal Plastic Surgery, is a procedure to treat the Gingiva (Gums), The soft tissues of the mouth that surrounds the neck of the teeth and supports the bone.
Flap Surgery is an absolutely painless procedure done under local anesthesia to temporarily separate the gums from the teeth giving the periodontist access the roots of the teeth and their supporting bone. This access allows removal of diseased tissues and removal of plaque and tartar which are considered to be the causative factors of periodontitis (Pyorrhea). It is used to treat moderate to severe cases of perdontal (Gum) disease.
Gum surgeries typically do not pose any kind of risks to the patients. It is a safe uncomplicated and painless dental chair side procedure done under local anesthesia.